The world’s largest copper producer is part of Chile’s economy. It is expected to experience a recession in 2023. After a quick post-pandemic recovery. According to a statement from the central bank on Wednesday. The central bank stated that the GDP of the Andean country is projected to increase by 2.4% in 2022. This up from a prior range of 1.75% to 2.25%.
What factors affect Chile’s economy?
In terms of the amount of capital involved, mining (of copper, gold, silver, lithium, etc.) is the most significant industry. Because the state’s mining firm is now making little money. Mining does not currently have a significant impact on budgetary policy. However, the field is in charge of bringing in foreign currency. Which helps to maintain a positive balance of trade and a relatively high local currency value.
Other significant businesses include agriculture and food production, industrial-scale fishing, pulp and paper manufacture in the forest industry, real estate construction, banking, and financial services. Since Chile is a developing nation, it lacks a significant high-tech manufacturing industry.
Retail and commerce are the most significant industries in terms of fiscal policy and employment. Producing the majority of jobs and the majority of tax revenue through VAT (19%). While also making significant contributions to GDP through consumption.
Chile’s Economical Overview
Chile’s economy has essentially stagnated over the past three years. This as a result of the present administration’s poorly thought out tax overhaul. It was a combination of factors, including the government removing bureaucratic barriers to business. Offering incentives for foreign direct investment, and the high price of copper (Chile’s main export). It led to Chile’s spectacular economic growth in the years prior to 2010 when it joined the OECD.
If you’re referring to the few years prior to 2001, Chile’s economic growth wasn’t very noteworthy; it was only marginally higher than the average for emerging countries. This was mostly caused by the need for readjusting after the Asian Crisis and dot-com crisis, as well as a lack of budgetary efforts that would promote growth.
If you’re referring to the few years prior to 1991, then economic growth was once more strong due to a number of reasons: the return to democracy attracted more investment, the liberalizing policies put in place under the military government allowed businesses to thrive, and the government underwent a protracted privatization program.
At the moment, Chile accounts for almost two-thirds of the Corona virus cases in Latin America, but this is a very minor number when compared to seriously affected countries like the USA, Italy, or China. So Chile’s economy is undoubtedly suffering as a result of the Covid-19 lock-downs that are in place there as well, but as of right now, it is not in that serious of a position.